Outsourcing in Poland


Capital: Warsaw

Official EU language(s): Polish

EU member country: since 1 May 2004

Currency: Polish Złoty (PLN). Poland is currently in the process of preparing to adopt the euro.

Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007

Figures: Geographical size – population – gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in PPS

Political system

Poland operates as a parliamentary republic with a prime minister serving as the head of government and a president as the head of state. The government structure revolves around the council of ministers. The country is demarcated into 16 provinces, mainly based on its historical regions. Administrative authority at the provincial level is distributed among a government-appointed governor, an elected regional assembly, and an executive chosen by the regional assembly.

Trade and economy

In 2020, the key sectors driving Poland’s economy included wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation, and food services (24.9%), industry (24.2%), and public administration, defense, education, human health, and social work activities (15.3%).

Intra-EU trade constitutes 74% of Poland’s exports, with major partners being Germany (29%), Czechia (6%), and France (5%). Beyond the EU, 6% of exports head to the United Kingdom, and 3% each to Russia and the United States.

Imports are primarily sourced from EU Member States, accounting for 67%, with Germany (27%), the Netherlands (6%), and Italy (5%) being significant contributors. Outside the EU, 10% of imports come from China and 4% from Russia.

Poland in the EU

European Parliament

Poland is represented by 52 members in the European Parliament.

Council of the EU

Polish government representatives regularly participate in Council meetings to adopt EU laws and coordinate policies.

Presidency of the Council of the EU

Poland held the Presidency of the Council of the EU from July to December 2011.

European Commission

Janusz Wojciechowski serves as the Commissioner nominated by Poland to the European Commission, overseeing Agriculture.

European Economic & Social Committee

Poland has 21 representatives on the European Economic and Social Committee, offering consultation on proposed laws affecting work and social situations.

European Committee of the Regions

Poland has 21 representatives on the European Committee of the Regions, ensuring regional perspectives are considered in proposed laws.

Permanent representation to the EU

Poland maintains communication with EU institutions through its permanent representation in Brussels, ensuring effective pursuit of the country’s interests and policies within the EU.

Budgets and Funding

Poland’s contributions to the EU budget are determined based on its economic capacity, supporting various programs and projects across EU countries. The EU budget prioritizes the needs of Europeans as a whole.